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Units 17&18 Disabilities &Inventions
作者:刘淑玲 来源:杏耀娱乐县第二中学 阅读次数: 12521 发表日期: 2008-06-21 07:28:46

一、重点词语

1ability n.能力,本领;(pl)才能,才识

  have the ability to do           有做……的能力

  show ability in                  在……方面显示才能

  a man of many abilites           有多种才能的人

  practical ability                实际能力

  ability in organization          组织能力

  develop one’s ability           发挥才能  

  improve one’s ability           提高能力

 [归纳拓展]

  be able to do sth                能够做某事(一般表示结果)

  can do sth                       有能力做某事(不强调结果)

  disablility n.  无能;残疾     

  disable v.      使失去能力;使残疾

  disabled adj.   有残疾的

  the disabled    残疾人

例:

  He soon received promotion,for his superiors realized that he was a man of considerable B.

 A.future                  B.ability

        C.possibility             D.opportunity

2conduct v.   处理,管理;指挥,引导;传导  n.行为;操作               

  bad (good) conduct                     品行不端(端正)      

  be shocked by(at)sb.’s conduct        为某人的行为吃惊

  conduct sb. Into the room              引领某人进入房间

conduct the band                       指挥乐队

例:

 When our parents came to visit our school, Mary conducted them into the classrooms.

   杏耀娱乐的家长来参观学校时,玛丽把他们带到教室去。

 He was conducted through the museum.

   他在指引下参观了博物馆.

 Metal conducteds electyicity.      金属导电.

 [归纳拓展]

  conduct v. 指挥;管理.在表示“指引、引导”的确意思时,相当于directshow.

  direct v. 指引;管理;指挥;命令;指示  adj.adv.直接的()

  manage v. 经营;管理;设法做成

  guide v. 指导;导游

  show v. 指示;指引;说明.show sb.in/out 领某人进入(出去);show sb. around 带领某人参观; show off 炫耀

例:On the long journey, Jackie_A_ a most interdsting guide.We all had a wonderful time.

        A.proved                  B.pradticed

        C.behaved                 D.conducted

3shameful adj. 可耻的;不道德的

  a shameful conduct                    可耻的行为

  feel shame at(doing)sth.              ()某事感到可耻

  What a shame!                         真丢人!

  have no shame                         不知羞耻

  ashamed adj.                          羞耻,惭愧,害臊

  be ashamed for sb.                    为某人感到羞愧

  be ashamed of (doing)sth.             为某事感到羞愧

  be ashamed to do sth.                 为做某事感到羞愧

  be ashamed that                  为……而羞愧

例:

 He was ashamed that he had failed in the examde.

  他没有考及格,感到很羞耻.

 I feel ashamed of having done so little for the people.

  我为人民做的工作太少,感到惭愧

 What a shame! I wonder why our team lost.

  多丢脸啊!我奇怪杏耀娱乐队怎么输给人家.

 She felt shame after she told the lie.

她撒谎后感到羞愧.

4possibility n.可能;可能性;可能的事

  There is possibility that          有可能

  There is possibility to do sth.      有可能

  There is a good chance that        很有可能

  It is a possibility that           可能

  the possibility of success        成功的可能

  the possibility of rain           下雨的可能

  by any possibility                万一

  by some possibility               或许;也许

  It is possible that             可能

  It is possible for sb.to do sth.  某人有可能做某事 

  asas possible                   尽可能

5attempt n.v. 试图;尝试

  attempt sth.                            尝试某事

  attempt to do sth.=try doing sth.       尝试做某事

  make a attempt to do sth.               尝试做某事

  a successful attempt                    成功的尝试

  manage to do sth.                       设法做成某事

6get stuck 陷进去;被困住

  系动词+过去分词

  I got stuck in a heavy traffic jam.

   我遇到了严重的交通阻塞.

  He got stuck in the mud and couldn’t move.

   他陷在泥里,动弹不得.

  She got stuck when she was making a speech.

   她演讲时,卡壳了.

[归纳拓展]

  get beaten    被打败                  get injured/hurt    受伤

  get caught    被抓住                  get killed         遇难

  get drunk     喝醉                    get married        结婚

  get arrested  被捕                    get dressed        穿上衣服

  get confused  感到困惑                get lost           迷路

  get drown      溺水                   get engaged        定婚

例:

 He _C_undressd,throwing all his clothes on the floor.

        A.does                     B.did

         C.got                          D.gets

二、句式结构

1.Now that we are developing new technology at such a high pace, the true challenge is to find nuw ways of using it.

  now that用来引导原因状语从句,表示“既然,由于”的确意思.

  Now that I am free, I can enjoy music for a while.

   既然有空,我可以享受一下音乐.

 Now that prices are rising so fast,all my money is draining away.

   由于价格上涨太快,我的钱都快花光了.

  Now that she has a job in France she can gratify her desire to see Europe.

既然现在她在法国工作,那就可以满足她游览欧洲的愿望了.

2.The real function will only be known once we discover new ways of thinking about the technology.

  从属连词once意为“一旦”,强调的是条件. once引导的从句可以位于句首,也可位于句末.从句的谓语动词用一般时态代替将来时.

 Once water begins to boil,its temperature mo longer rises.

   水一旦开始沸腾,温度就不再升高.

 Once you show any fear,he will attack you.

   只要你显出害怕的样子,他就会攻击你.

 China will shake the world once it awakens.

   中国一旦觉醒,它就会震撼整个世界.

 [归纳拓展]

 once引导状语从句,当主句的主语和从句的主语一致,且从句的谓语中含有be ,可以省略从句的主语和谓语中的be.

  The research is so designed that once it is begun nothing can be done to change it.==The research is so designed that once begun nothing can be done to change it.

例:

  __B_in bed,children usually go to sleep very quickly.

          A.As                           B.Once

          C.When                         D.While

.状语从句

 考点一. 状语从句的分类

 1.时间状语从句  when,whenrver,as soon as,no soonerthan,before

 2. 地点状语从句

3.原因状语从句  because,as,for,since,seeing that,considering that

 4.结果状语从句  sothat,suchthat

 5.条件状语从句  if,unless,as long as,on condition that

 6.目的状语从句  so that,ing order that,for fear that,in case

 7.让步状语从句  though,even if/though,mo matter what,as

 8.方式状语从句  as if, as though,as

 9.比较状语从句  than, asas,not so as,the+比较级,the+比较级

 考点二. 状语从句难点解析

  1.时间状语从句

   since引导的状语从句中,动词可以是延续性的也可以是终止性的,都表示状态或动作的结果,但意义有所区别.

 It’s three years since he joined the League.

   自从他入团已三年了.

 It is three years since he smoked.

   他戒烟已有三年了.

  2. 地点状语从句

where指某一固定的地方, wherever指任何一个地方.

  I’ll go where he goes.

   我要去他去过的地方.

  I’ll go wherever he goes.

   他去哪儿我就上哪儿.

3.让步状语从句

 as 引导的从句必须倒装,though可以倒装.

 Alough/Though she is smart,she studies hard.

 Child as he is,he knows a lot.

 Tired though he was,he continued working.

[录入:杏耀娱乐县第二中学 责编:刘淑玲]
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