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 SBⅡ(A) Unit1-Unit2
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SBⅡ(A) Unit1-Unit2
作者:汪锋华 来源:杏耀娱乐县第二中学 阅读次数: 14303 发表日期: 2008-06-21 07:29:55

重难知识点解析:

1It takes a very unusual mind to undertake analysis of the obvious

It takes + n + to do :做某事需要…

eg: It will take a lot of courage to tell the truth in public.

      It took her two days to read the book.

the obvious: the +adj :表“一类人或事物”

eg: the young ,the old, the poor, the wounded

It is/was obvious that …句型

2What are they known for?

be known for : 因…而著名  be famous for

eg: Suzhou is known for its beautiful gardens

be known as : 以…身份而出名,使认为是…,作为…而出名

eg:Newton is known as a successful scientist

be knowns to :为…所熟知

be:That Beijing is the host of 2008 Olympic Games is known to the world

It is well known to sb that 为…所知

make oneself known to sb “作自我介绍

make sth known to sb   把某事向某人公布

3a promising graduate student

  promising: adj “有指望的,有前途的,有出息的”

  The weather is promising

  He is a promising singer

promise: vt/n :答应、允诺,给人以…指望 ,有…的希望

  Promise (sb)to do sth

  The crops are full of promise

  This year promises a good harvest

promise 构成的常见短语

  keep one’s promise   make/give a promise to

  break one’s promise   of great /high promise 前程远大

  promise is debt ( ),许愿要还(或欠债要还)

4I had got engaged to a very nice girl

  和…订婚  be engaged to sb:指状态(后接段时间)

              get engaged to sb: 指动作(不与段时间连用)

  “从事于…”  engaged oneself in sth

  “忙于…”    be/get engaged in sth

   engage oneself to do sth: 愿意做某事…

5Instead of giving up , Hawking went on with his research

   辨析:

go on with sth: 继续做…,相当于go on doing sth ,指继续做原来做的事情,一般指稍微间断之后的继续,且后只接名词或代词,不接ving 形式

eg: After a little pause, he went on with his speech

go on doing sth 继续做同一件事

  eg: We shouldn’t go on living in this way

go on to do sth:做完一件事之后,接着做别的事情

eg:When he has finished it , he goes on to do another one

6Nor did he let the disease stop him from living the kind of life

①表示后面提到的情况与前者的肯定或否定相同结构

  So/nor/neither+//be+主语

stop sb from doing sth =keep sb from doing =prevent sb from doing

  注:主动语态中from可省略,被动语态中须保留

  Keep sb (from)doing  结构中:from省与不省,短语意思刚好相反

③同源宾语现象: live a life  sing a song

                 dream a dream   die a death

7seek vt/vi sought sought :寻找,探索,追求

   Seek to do 相当于try to do

   短语: seek out 挑出             seek help 求助

          seek one’s fortune 碰运气  seek one’s home 回家

          seek through   找遍        seek after /for 探索

8cunious adj  好奇的

   be curious about  对…感到好奇

   be curious to do sth  渴望做…

   It is curious that 句型

9The man was fired

   fire:

 

    n“既可作不可数名词“炉火、火灾”又可作可数名词

There is no smoke without fire ( 无风不起浪)

There was a fire last night

    vt/vi , 解雇 开除  射击 开火(at)

    常见短语:catch fire ,make a fire

             Play with fire   be on fire

                           be on firefor

             set sth on fire

             set fire to sth

10compare    to

              With

    mpure to 表非同类事物的抽象比较  with 表具体方面的比较

②用来打比方时,常用compure to

compared with/to :“与…比起来”,常放于句首或句尾,作状语

11rather than:

①表“而不愿”时,其前后结构不对称

Rather than cause trouble  , he left

Rather than allow the fruit to go bad, he sold them at half price

②表“而不是”时, 其前后结构是对称的。

  The color seems green rather than blue.

  The letter is written by pen rather than by pencil

12relate vt/vi:有关…涉及到…

relate to sth:涉及…,与…有联系

relate sth to sth :把…与…联系起来

be related to : 和…有关,有联系

13      with

agree   on

           to

    agree with sb/one’s idea/opinion/what sb said

    agree on 就…达成一致

    agree   to one’s plan/suggestion

to do sth

    没有agree sb to do  的表达

⑤“同意某人做某事”  agree +that 从句

                      allow/permit sb to do

                       promise sb to do

14addict:

   vt  使沉溺于…使着迷于…

     addict oneself to

     be addicted to

n 有瘾的人,或对某事有强烈兴趣的人

a football addict 足球迷  a drug addict 吸毒上瘾的人

15attention:    attract/draw sb’s ~  吸引某人注意

               brig sth to sb’s ~    使某人注意到…

               call sb’s ~ to sth     叫某人注意

               devote one’s  ~ to …专心于…

               give one’s ~ to    注意

               play ~ to

16trouble

   have some ~ in doing sth  做…有困难

   take the ~to do sth       不辞辛劳地做某事

   in trouble

   make~   get into ~  ask/look for~

   have ~  with    与…闹纠纷

                  有…病痛

17send out:   发送,派遗

send forth:  发放,放出(光、热)

send in:    呈报,送…参加比赛

send off:   寄出,发出

send on:   预送,转送

send up:   发射,呈递

 

[录入:杏耀娱乐县第二中学 责编:汪锋华]
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